Normally, when we start walking on the Internet, we end up in the best of cases, we know each other – hooking Wikipedia pages, reading a new webcomic, watching in a loop the same Vines of all life, some compilation of memes by Ricardo Milos … and also these wonderful videos that Intel has been uploading to your YouTube channel and that explain how they manufacture their processors. Do not expect a technical and complex explanation of how they move from the sand to the silicon that will then use to play, write, program, etc. Instead, they provide us with an easy, quick and family-friendly way to understand the overall process.
The one above is a 2009 video that visually explains the essential steps of the process, from the extraction of silicon from sand. There is a purification process that recognizes the material, but then the material melts and becomes an ingot of the cylindrical shape that, finally, is cut to form the wafers from which the chips or chips are extracted. But there is a lot more chicha in the process. Here is another video that focuses on the process of manufacturing a 22-nanometer processor:
We have left these processors far behind. Now the Intel lands are populated by 14 nm processors, waiting for the 10 nm and the next 7 nm to go smoothly, of course. Returning to the video, in this case we can see the metal layers that are applied to create nexuses between the transistors. In this other video, from 2015, we can see what happens with the material when it reaches the wafer phase, in a process designed to detect tiny defects:
The last video, which we’ll leave below, it’s a brief look at the machinery that Intel uses to make everything happen, as well as the automated work. From time to time it is good to get away from the products within the industry and see them as engineering marvels. As naive as it sounds, it still seems impressive to that that makes our computers “do things” comes from the sand.